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Links & Info.

 A - Z of Herbs Click here for further information on herbs

Information, Research, Articles & Studies

Devils Claw Studies
Scientific evidence supports the use of devil's claw root to help relieve pain and inflammation in people with arthritis and other painful disorders. University of Maryland, Medical Centre http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/devils-claw-000237.htm

Echinacea and Horses (extract)
"O'Neill et al also concluded that Echinacea effectively stimulates immunocompetence, and the Echinacea extract improves the quality of blood by increasing haemoglobin levels and the number of erthrocytes from their studies on eight horses. [Immunological and haematinic consequences of feeding a standardized Echinacea extract to healthy horses" O'Neill et all, Equine Research Centre, Canada, Equine Vet J. 2002 May;34(3):222-7

Chaste Tree Berry & Cushing's Disease (Horse)
Chaste Tree Berry (Vitex agnus castus) may be effective for early stage cases of Cushing’s syndrome. The UK Horse Journal ran a field trial of Vitex including 10 horses and ponies. The subjects were aged between 13 and 25 years, and were either diagnosed with Cushing's or demonstrating the classical Cushing's symptoms. The Journal reported that typical response was “rapid and dramatic.” Shedding would typically begin within three weeks, and energy level quickly increased. High blood glucose and insulin levels dropped in some cases within four to six weeks. (The results of a later study at the University of Pennsylvania’s New Bolton Center repudiated these claims. Nonetheless, some horse owners feel that their horse was helped through use of the herb.)

Rosehips & Immunity (Horse)
A Randomised, Placebo-controlled, Double-Blind Study on the Immune System of Horses, Their Working Capacity and Behaviour: Rosehip Extract Exerts and Anti-Inflammatory & Anti Oxidant Effect in Horses - Kaj Winther, Prof. Arsalan Khazazmi, Copenhagen

Rosehips & Joint Health
The Battle Against Osteoarthritis: Three studies show that LitoZin (a commercial Rosehips Extract) can help relieve pain and stiffness In 2004, a trial was carried out in order to determine the safety and efficacy of LitoZin as a treatment for osteoarthritis.
One hundred and twelve patients were enrolled who were diagnosed with the condition. Patients were randomly assigned to two groups. One group received LitoZin for a three-month period while the other group received a placebo. After three months, the groups were switched so that the group initially treated with the placebo was then changed to receiving LitoZin and vice versa for another three-month period. During the trial the patients recorded the severity of joint pain, stiffness and their state of well-being. Overall, the authors reported the herbal remedy LitoZin has a moderate alleviating effect on joint pain and improves general well-being, sleep quality and mood in patients with osteoarthritis without producing any adverse side-effects.

In a Norwegian study, end-stage patients who were scheduled for a hip or knee replacement experienced a reduction in the limitations of freedom of movement by about 40 per cent, plus a reduction of pain after four months on LitoZin. They were also able to reduce the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).  A more recent LitoZin study, published several months ago, enrolled 94 patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee in a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover trial. As in the previous study, the patients were divided into two groups. One group received 5g of the herbal remedy daily for three months while the other group was given a similar amount of placebo. The treatment was then swapped. After the first two weeks of treatment, patients were advised to try to reduce their intake of painkillers. Within three weeks, the patients taking LitoZin had a significant reduction in joint pain while the patients taking the placebo had no reduction. After three months, however, although disability and stiffness eased significantly in those taking LitoZin, the percentage of pain relief in both groups was not significantly different.
Sources: J Nat Prod 2003; 66(7): 994-5, Phytomed 2004; 11: 383-91, Curr Ther Res Clin Exp 2003; 64(1): 21-31, Scand J Rheumatol 2005: 34: 302-8

Treatment of asthma with lipid extract of New Zealand green-lipped mussel: a randomised clinical trial (extract)".................
The authors conclude that lipid extract of New Zealand green-lipped mussel may have some beneficial effect in patients with atopic asthma." A. Emelyanov, G. Fedoseev, O. Krasnoschekova et. al., Hospital Therapeutic Clinic, Pavlov Medical University, St-Petersburg, Russia. Dept of Thoracic Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, London, UK

Green Lipped Mussel and its Anti-Inflammatory Properties
Researchers, including some from Australia's RMIT University reported that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid extracts from the green-lipped mussel inhibited leukotriene and cyclo-oxygenase activity, both of which are involved in the inflammatory process. Results from both these studies support the use of commercial mussel extracts as an alternative for conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and fish oil treatment in the relief of the symptoms of arthritis. References: Mc Phee S. et al. Anti-cycooygenase effects of lipid extracts from the New Zealand green-lipped mussel, Perna Canaliculus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B, Volume 146; 346-356 Treschow AP. Et al, Novel anti-inflammatory w-3 PUFAs from the New Zealand green-lipped mussel, Perna canaliculus, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B, Volume 147;645-656

NZ Green Lipped Mussel - Otago University, School of Medicine (Extract)
New research on New Zealand green-lipped mussel extract (GLME) offers fresh hope to people with joint mobility problems. The research supports what a NewZealand scientist has long suspected - that GLME is easy on the stomach with few side effects reported. And that's a vital consideration when taking a product on a long-term basis.

Dr Paul Davis, Director of the Bioactivity Investigation Group at Otago University's Wellington School of Medicine, is responsible for the latest research findings on GLME. "There have been a number of publications in overseas peer-reviewed medical journals showing the potential of GLME. The work we've carried out is another important step in investigating the properties of the green lipped mussel," Dr Davis says. "We still have some way to go with the research but the inference we can draw from it is that GLME has 'easy-on-the-stomach' properties.

Hopbush information:
Hopbush was used by Aborigines in the form of a root decoction for cuts and open wounds. Leaves were chewed as a pain killer - they were often used for toothache. In north Queensland the chewed leaves and juice were applied to stings of stonefish and stingrays - they were bound to the wound for several days [Cribb and Cribb 1981]. Leaves were used to "smoke" newborn babies. Boiled root or juice of root were applied for headache [Issacs 1987].Early European settlers were attracted to the hop-like fruits and used them as an acceptable substitute for home brewing. In Peru leaves have been chewed as a substitute for coca leaves. In India a tincture was taken internally for gout, rheumatism and fevers. A poultice of leaves was applied to painful swellings and rheumatic joints - they reputedly retain heat for a long tome [Khory & Katrak 1981].

Useful Links

Australian Traditional Medicine Society (ATMS) -  is Australia's largest professional association of massage therapists, herbalists, acupuncturists, homeopaths, naturopaths and nutritionists.

Ballyoncree Animal Sanctuary -  This sanctuary provides a home to abuses and neglected horses and other animals, situated at Braidwood, NSW.

Coast to Coal Quarter Horse Association (QLD) A great bunch of dedicated horse owners great competitors 

Elementals Equine Therapies - For all your equine massage / laser therapy needs.
Rehabilitation and Sports Therapy specialist.

Equissentials Saddlery & Country Clothing - For all your riding essentials - Innovation, quality and style are the benchmark of this company. Clothing and Horse essentials for the discerning competitor and enthusiast.

ational Herbalist Association of Australia - The oldest natural therapies association in Australia, and the only national professional body of Medical Herbalists.

Rubicon Retail - Years of Marketing & Advertising set Stephen's strategic retail branding business apart. Stephen Rinaldo's no nonsense style shine in the fields of growth and creative concepts. Give your company the boost it needs to to grow and succeed.

Rubicon Park - Training made easy for the busy rider. Encouragement, Safety and Flexibility are the key to Stephen training successes. Beginners to Intermediate training. All ages. EFA/NCS Level 1 Instructor. Sydney, Northern Beaches, Central Coast & Hunter District.

- Michelle Allen is not your "run of the mill" Web Developer. Knowledge, intelligence, Search Engine Optimisation and the changing web environment are Michelle's forte. Fast, efficient & cost effective web development. Get your website working overtime for you.

Just for Laughs
- Singing Horse Cartoon. Click on each horses in the "choir" http://svt.se/hogafflahage/hogafflaHage_site/Kor/hestekor.swf